A Cheshire Smile:

Humor Texture and Personality in Shakespeare's Comedies


A Cheshire Smile Contents

About the Authors 


Works Cited 




Critical Works Cited


Anderson, Fred. Crucible of War. New York: Vintage Books, 2000.


Aristotle. Aristotle’s Poetics. Trans. Stephen Halliwell. Chicago:  University of Chicago Press, 1998.


Baker, Hershel, et. al., eds. The Riverside Shakespeare, Second Edition. Boston:  Houghton Mifflin company, 1997.


Barber, C.L. Shakespeare’s Festive Comedy:  A Study of Dramatic Form and Its Relation to Social Custom. Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press, 1959.


Bentley, Gerald Eades. Shakespeare:  A Biographical Handbook. New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1961.


Bergson, Henri. Le rire. Tr. Fred Rothwell. Comedy. Ed. Wylie Sypher. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday & Company, 1956. 


Bevington, David. The Complete Works of Shakespeare, Fifth Edition. New York:  Pearson Longman, 2004.


Capp, Al. “The Comedy of Charlie Chaplain.” ComedyMeaning and Form. Ed. Robert W. Corrigan, 219-229. San Francisco:  Chandler Publishing Company, 1965.


Chute, Marchette. Shakespeare of London. New York:  E. P. Dutton and Company Inc. Publishers, 1949.





Cook, Albert. The Dark Voyage and the Golden Mean. New York:  W. W. Norton, 1966.


Craig, Hardin, Ed. The Complete Works of Shakespeare.  Glenview, IL:  Scott, Foresman and Company, 1961.


Fenwick, Henry. “The Production.”  John Wilders, Literary Consultant. The Shakespeare Plays:  Henry IV Part 1. New York: Mayflower Books, 1979.


Freud, Sigmund. Jokes and Their Relation to the Unconscious. Ed. and tr. James Strachey. New York:  W. W. Norton, 1960.


Fry, Christopher. “Comedy.” Adelphi 27 (1950): 27-29.


Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism. Princeton:  Princeton University Press, 1957.


Garber, Marjorie. Shakespeare After All. New York:  Anchor Books, 2004.


Grawe, Elizabeth and Paul Grawe. "The Split Humor Personality of Don Quixote." Humor Quotient Newsletter 5-1 (1999). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%205.1.htm.  Last accessed February 27, 2014.


Grawe, Paul. Comedy in a New Mood.  Ed. Robin Jaeckle Grawe. Winona, MN: Institute for Travesty, Comedy, and Humor Studies, 2011. http://www.itchs.org/New%20Mood/New%20Mood%20cover%202.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


---. Comedy in Space, Time, and the Imagination.  Chicago:  Nelson Hall, 1983.


---.“First Vocational Results.” Humor Quotient Newsletter 1-1 (1994). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%201.1.htm.  Last accessed February 27, 2014.





---. “The Five Great Jokes of Shakespeare’s Henry V,” Conference of the International Society for Humor Studies, Chicago, IL 2003.


---. Sombre Comedy:  Comedy in a New Mood. Evanston, IL:  Northwestern University, 1971.


Grawe, Paul and Robin Jaeckle Grawe. Comedic Tenor, Comic Vehicle:  Humor in American Film Comedy.  Winona, MN: Institute for Travesty, Comedy, and Humor Studies, 2008. http://www.itchs.org/CTCV/CTCV%20cover.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


Grawe, Robin Jaeckle. “Humor Preference and Safety Related.” Humor Quotient Newsletter 6-1 (2000). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%206.1.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


---. “Significant Relationship Found Between Critical Thinking and Preference for Incongruity Humor.” Humor Quotient Newsletter 3-2 (1997). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%203.2.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


---. “Preliminary Nursing Home Humor Preferences.” Humor Quotient Newsletter 10-1 (2008). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%2010.1.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


---. “Idea Development, Humor Preference, and Gender Differences.” The Humor Quotient Newsletter 3-4 (1997). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%203.4.htm. Last accessed February 27, 1014.


Greenblatt, Steven, ed. The Norton Shakespeare: Based on the Oxford Edition. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1997.


Greer, Germaine. Shakespeare’s Wife. New York:  Harper Perennial, 2000.


Hardin, Craig, ed. The Complete Works of Shakespeare.  Glenview, IL:  Scott, Foresman and Company, 1961.




Holt, Dan G. “Holy Family Research Establishes Humor Age Shift.” Humor Quotient Newsletter 1-2 (1995). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%201.2.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


---. “Women and Consoler Quotient:  Age Differences; Humor and Technology.” Humor Quotient Newsletter 1-3 (1995). http://www.itchs.org/HQN%201.3.htm. Last accessed February 27, 2014.


Langer, Suzanne. Feeling and Form. New York:  Charles Scribner's Sons, 1953.


Lynch, Jack. Becoming Shakespeare: The Unlikely Afterlife that Turned a Provincial Playwright into the Bard. New York:  Walker & Company, 2007.


Mehlman, Peter. “Will Write for Laughs.” Reader’s Digest, February, 2014: 13-16.


Prior, Moody.  The Drama of Power:  Studies in Shakespeare’s History Plays. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1973.


Ray, Stevie. Stevie Ray’s Medium-Sized Book of Comedy:  What we laugh at . . . and why. Minneapolis, MN:  Punchline Publications, 1999.


Thorndike, Ashley H. Shakespeare’s Theater. New York:  The MacMillan Company, 1960.


Scott, Nathan A., Jr. “The Bias of Comedy and the Narrow Escape in to Faith,” The Christian Scholar 44 (1961): 9-39.


Ulea, V.  A Concept of Dramatic Genre and the Comedy of a New Type. Chess, Literature, and Film. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press, 2002.


Vilaythong, Alexander P. et.al, “Humor and Hope:  Can Humor Increase Hope?” Humor: International Journal of Humor Research 16 (2003): 79-89.





Vos, Nelvin. The Drama of Comedy:  Victim and Victor. Richmond, Va.: John Knox Press, 1966.


Watts, Harold H. "The Sense of Regain:  A Theory of Comedy." University of Kansas City Review 13 (1946): 19-23.


Weir, Allison. The Life of Elizabeth. New York:  Ballantine Books, 1998.


Williams, Patrick. Armada. Stroud, England:  The History Press, 2008.


Wilson, Dover. “Falstaff and the Prince.” Eugene M. Waith, Ed. Shakespeare the Histories:  A Collection of Critical Essay. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.:  Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1965.


Wood, Michael. In Search of Shakespeare. London:  BBC Books, 2003.


The Wordsworth Dictionary of Phrase and Fable. Ed. Ebenezer Cobham Brewer, Rev. Ivor H. Evans. Herfordshire, England:  Wordsworth Editions Ltd., 1993.



Artistic Works Cited


Aladdin. Walt Disney Feature Animation, 1992.


Anouilh, Jean. Pièces roses. Paris: Calmann-Lévy, 1942.


---. Pièces grinçantes. Paris: La Table ronde, 1956.


Austen, Jane. Jane Austen:  The Complete Novels. New York:  Gramercy Books, 1981





Berlioz, Hector.  Béatrice et Bénédic. Theater der Stadt, Baden-Baden, 9 August 1862.


The Blues Brothers. Universal Pictures, 1980.


Bradley, Ian. The Complete Annotated Gilbert and Sullivan. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1996.


Carroll, Lewis. Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland. London:  Macmillan and Co., 1865.


Chekhov, Anton.  Anton Checkhov’s Plays. Eugene K. Bristow, Tr. And ed. New York:  W. W. Norton and Co. Inc., 1997.


The Chronicle History of King Henry the Fift with His Battell Fought at Agincourt in France. Two Cities Films. 1944.


Dirty Rotten Scoundrels. Onion Pictures Corporation, 1988.


Father of the Bride.  Sandollar Productions, 1991


Lodge, Thomas. Rosalynde, Euphues Golden Legacie. 1590.


The Music Man. Warner Brothers Pictures, 1962.


My Big Fat Greek Wedding. Gold Circle Films, 2002.


O’Brian, Patrick.  Master and Commander. Philadelphia, PA:  Lippencott, 1969.


Plautus. Menaechmi in Roman Comedy:  Five Plays by Plautus and Terence. Boston: Focus Publishing/R. Pullins Company, Incorporated, 2010.





---. Amphitrion in Plautus:  The Comedies Volume I.  Eds. David R. Slavitt and Palmer Bovie. Baltimore, MD:  The John Hopkins University Press, 1995.


Roxanne. Columbia Pictures Industries, 1987.


Shakespeare. William. As You Like It. Baker, Hershel, et. al., eds. The Riverside Shakespeare, Second Edition. Boston:  Houghton Mifflin company, 1997.


---. The Comedy of Errors. Ibid.


---. The Famous History of the Life of King Henry the Eighth. Ibid.


---. The First Part of King Henry the Fourth. Ibid.


---. The First Part of King Henry the Sixth. Ibid.


---. Hamlet, Prince of Denmark. Ibid.


---. The Life and Death of King John. Ibid.


---. The Life of King Henry the Fifth. Ibid.


---. Love’s Labors’ Lost. Ibid.


---. Macbeth. Ibid.


---. The Merry Wives of Windsor. Ibid.


---. A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Ibid.





---. Much Ado About Nothing. Ibid.


---. The Second Part of King Henry the Fourth. Ibid.


---. The Second Part of King Henry the Sixth. Ibid.


---. The Tempest. Ibid.


---. The Third Part of King Henry the Sixth. Ibid.


---. The Tragedy of King Richard II. Ibid.


---. The Tragedy of King Richard III. Ibid.


---. The Winter’s Tale. The Riverside. Ibid.


Shaw, G. Bernard.  Pygmalion. New York:  Simon and Schuster, Inc., 2005.


Swift, Jonathan.  Gulliver’s Travels (Norton Critical Edition). Albert J. Rivero, ed. New York:  W. W. Norton, 2001.  Orig. pub. 1726.


Verdi, Giuseppe. “Anvil Chorus.” Il trovatore. 19 January 1853.


---. “Brindisi.” La traviata. 6 March 1853.


West, Benjamin. “The Death of General Wolfe.” 1771. The National Gallery of Canada.


Wilde, Oscar.  The Importance of Being Earnest. New York: W. W. Norton & Company Incorporated, 2006.






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